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Author Rangsriwong, P.
TitleSubcritical water extraction of polyphenolic compounds from Terminalia chebula fruits/P. Rangsriwong, N. Rangkadilok and A. Shotipruk
Imprint2008
Call# FOOD 6170

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status
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JournalChiang Mai J. Sci.
AbstractFresh or dried fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz. is commonly used as herbal medicine as it contains various phytochemicals including gallic acid (GA), ellagic acid (EA), and corilagin (CG). These polyphenolic compounds also exhibited therapeutic properties such as antioxidant, antihyperlipidrmia and anticarcinogenic activities. This study investigated the separation of polyphenolic compounds such as gallic acid and ellagic acid from T. chebula fruits by subcritical water extraction (SWE). We considered the effect of extraction temperature (120-220 degree C)and water flow rates (2-4 ml/min)at the pressure of 4-6 MPa on the amount of compounds extracted and determine the suitable conditions for subcritical water extraction of these compounds. The results showed that the amount of GA and EA extracted increased when the extraction temperature increased and they were the highest at 180 degree C beyond which the products decreased due to thermal degradation. At a fixed temperature of 180 degree C, the effect of water flow rate on the amount of desirable compounds indicated that the increase in water flow rate gave higher amount of GA and EA extracted. The suitable condition for subcritical water extraction of gallic acid and ellagic acid from T. chebula fruits is at temperature of 180 degree C and water flow rate of 4 ml/min.
Descriptvol.35 no.1 ; 103-108
Subjectsubcritical water extraction
Terminalia chebula
Samor Thai
polyphenolic
gallic acid
ellagic acid
fruit
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