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Author A. U. Israel
Alternative Author I.B. Obot
R. E. Ogali
O. Akaranta
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology (SJST)
TitleExtraction and characterization of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) coir dust
ImprintVol.33 No.6, November - December 2011
Call# FOOD 7568

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status

AbstractStudies were carried out on the characterization and extraction of coconut coir dust using water, acetone, acetone/ water (70/30), (50/50) respectively. The acetone extract of the coir dust was phytochemically screened for tannins, polyphenols, flavanoids, phlobatannins. The moisture, ash, lignin, and cellulose contents of the coir dust were determined by measuring the cation exchange capacity (CEC) and the pH were found to be 2.39 mmol g-1 and 6.4 respectively. The degree of swelling of coir dust increased with increased solvent contact time. The percentage extract showed the best solvent system to be acetone/water (70/30). In all the solvent systems, the smaller the particle size of coir dust, the greater the amount of extract. The phytochemical screening of the acetone extract indicated significant amount of tannins, flavanoids and other polyphenols in coir dust.
DescriptPage 717-724
Subjectcharacterization
coir dust
extraction
agricultural byproduct
phytochemical screening
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