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Author Kesorn Muangtip
Alternative Author Yuvadee Manakasem
Suranaree Journal of Science and Technology
TitleANTHOCYANIN AND THE INFLUENCE OF NAA AND IRRIGATION ON POD AND SEED SETTING OF RED KWAO KRUA
ImprintVol. 16 No. 2, April -l June 2009
Call# FOOD 7613

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status

AbstractRed Kwao Krua (Butea superba Roxb.) is a protected medicinal plant of Thailand. The tuberous roots of Red Kwao Krua (RKK) are used to treat various illnesses and to maintain male hormones. Red substances are released when the tuberous roots of Red RKK are wounded. These substances were examined for an anthocyanin. The determination of the concentrations of an anthocyanin via TLC, absorbent wavelength, and pH differential techniques were performed on the root samples. The tuberous roots of RKK from the provinces Nakhon Ratchasima, Kalasin and Sakon Nakhon had anthocyanin concentrations from 69-144 ?g/g fresh weight. RKK from Nakhon Ratchasima had the lowest an average of the amount of anthocyanin (96.80 ? 8.63 ?g/g fresh weight). While RKK from Kalasin and Sakon Nakhon had an approximately the same amount of anthocyanin 112.27 ? 8.63 and 111.17 ? 8.63 ?g/g fresh weight. However, RKK has difficulty in pod and seed setting. An experiment was conducted on RKK in Wangnumkeaw district, Nakhon Ratchasima from 2004-2005. The experiment was a 22 factorial in RCBD with 4 replications (1 replication had 10 subsamples). The effects of NAA and irrigation on pod and seed setting were examined. RKK that was irrigated and was sprayed with NAA at 100 ppm gave statistically significant differences in the highest the length of inflorescence (36.35 cm), the number of pods/inflorescence (5.10 pods/inflorescence) and the number of seeds/pod (1.15 seeds/ pod). Therefore, NAA at 100 ppm plus irrigation could increase pod and seed setting. When using the stereomicroscopy to examine the seed, the sound seed showed a smooth seed coat, a big embryo, and was full of reserve food in the cell
DescriptPage 141-148
SubjectButea superba Roxb
anthocyanin
NAA
irrigation
pod and seed setting
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