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Author Ratchanee Bourapa
Alternative Author Somchai Anusoenponpue
Jamroen Thiengtham
Sayan Tudri
Soar Siwichai
Somkiert Prasanpanich
Kasetsart Journal Natural Science
Title Milk Production with a Particular Reference to Milk Essential Fatty Acids of Lactating Cows under Grazing and Indoor Feeding Conditions
ImprintVol. 48 No. 3, May-June 2014
Call# FOOD 7914

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status

AbstractAn experiment was conducted to study the milk quality of dairy cattle under conditions of group grazing and loose housing on high quality forage intake. Eight crossbred cows (93% Holstein and 7% Bos indicus) all in their second to fourth lactation and at 100?120 d in the mid-late period of lactation were divided equally into two groups of four cows each under a pair comparison design. The first group was allowed free grazing on pasture consisting mainly of Guinea grass using a rotational grazing procedure. The second group was kept in a shaded cow shed and fed cut-and-carried pasture from an equal-sized area of the same pasture grazed by the first group. Both groups were supplemented with Leucaena leucocephala at 3%, based on the intake requirement for body weight maintenance and milk production for the 45 d experiment. The daily milk yield was recorded throughout the experiment and weekly milk sampling was evaluated for composition. A composite sample of morning and evening milk was analyzed for the percentages of milk fat, protein and lactose, solid not fat (SNF) and essential milk fatty acids?linoleic acid (C18:2n-6; Omega 6), linolenic acid (C18:3n-3; Omega 3) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents (grams per 100 g of fat) were also analyzed. The results showed that the milk yields, the percentages of milk fat, protein and SNF, and the contents of linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3) and CLA were not significantly different between treatments. However, the lactose percentage and the content of linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6) were significantly different (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). The outdoor grazing system significantly increased the higher milk content of linoleic acid.
DescriptPage 403-411
SubjectGuinea grass
Leucaena leucocephala
linoleic acid (C18:2n-6; Omega 6)
linolenic acid (C18:3n; Omega 3)
conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)
grazing and indoor feeding
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