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Author Podchamarn Pimpakan
Alternative Author Wichien Yongmanitchai
Savitree Limtong
Kasetsart Journal Natural Science
TitleBioethanol Production from Sugar Cane Syrup by Thermo-tolerant Yeast, Kluyveromyces marxianus DMKU3-1042, using Fed-batch and Repeated-batch Fermentation in a Nonsterile System
ImprintVol. 46 No. 4, July-August 2012
Call# Food 7918

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status

AbstractEthanol production from sugar cane syrup was carried out to compare the ef fi ciency of batch-, fed-batch and repeated-batch fermentation using Kluyveromyces marxianus DMKU3-1042. The sugar cane syrup medium contained 18% total sugar, 0.1% (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 , 0.1% KH 2 PO 4 , and 0.1% MgSO 4 .7H 2 O, with the pH adjusted to 4.5. Experiments were carried out in a 2.5 L jar fermenter at a controlled temperature of 35 ? C and an agitation speed of 300 rpm without aeration. All experiments were carried out in a nonsterile system that resembled the process used in the bioethanol fermentation industry in Thailand. The ethanol concentration from batch fermentation was lowest among the three processes where 6.35% w/v was achieved in 72 hr resulting in an ethanol productivity of 0.88 g.L -1 . hr -1 and the ethanol yield corresponded to 82.73% of the theoretical yield. For fed-batch fermentation, the exponential feeding scheme barely improved the ethanol yields while sigmoidal feeding gave a considerably higher fi nal ethanol concentration reaching 7.42% w/v which was equivalent to ethanol productivity at 1.03 g.L -1 .hr -1 and 90.40% of theoretical yield. In the repeated-batch experiment, a rather high ethanol concentration of 7.91% w/v at 72 hr was obtained in the fi rst batch with ethanol productivity of 1.10 g.L -1 .hr -1 and 93.40% of the theoretical yield. However, the fi nal ethanol contents of the two successive batches were relatively low at 6.01% w/v and 6.66% w/v, respectively. The results from this research demonstrated that in Thailand, sugar cane syrup could be employed as an alternative renewable carbon source for ethanol production using sigmoidal fed-batch fermentation with an ef fi cient thermo- tolerant yeast strain ( Kluyveromyces marxianus DMKU3-1042).
DescriptPage 582-591
Subjectethanol production
sugar cane syrup
thermo-tolerant yeast
Kluyveromyces marxianus DMKU3-1042
fed-batch fermentation
repeated-batch fermentation
nonsterile
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