KOHA: OPAC Catalogue Search
Start OverMARC DisplayBrief DisplayReturn To BrowseExport Marked Records


Author Suparada Surapanthanakorn
Alternative Author Narubodee Phadoongsombut
Chatchai Wattanapiromsakul
Wantana Reanmongkol
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
TitleIn vivo evaluation of analgesic and antipyretic activities of piceatannol-rich extract from Senna garrettiana heartwood
Alternative TitleIn vivo evaluation of analgesic and antipyretic activities of piceatannol-rich extract from Senna garrettiana heartwood
ImprintVol.39 No.5, September - October 2017
Call# FOOD 8415

CALL # Volume Number Month Year Barcode Status

AbstractA methanolic extract from Senna garrettiana (S.garrettiana) heartwood was prepared and then a fractionation process was performed to obtain hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and aqueous fractions. An antinociceptive screening of each fraction was carried out using the acetic acid-induced writhing in mice. Among all the fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction, showed the highest activity on the writhing test. The ethyl acetate fraction was separated to obtain a piceatannol-rich extract. The S. garrettiana extract contains 11.70% w/w and 39.16% w/w piceatannol in the ethy acetate fraction and the piceatannol-rich extract, respectively. The analgesic activities of the ethyl acetate fraction (50,100 and 200 mg/kg) and the Piceatannol-rich extract (10,20 and 40 mg/kg) were evaluated by the acetic acid-induced writhing test, hot-plate test and formalin test. The antipyretic activity of these extracts was assessed on yeast?s-induced pyrexia in rats. The acute toxicity was also investigated. In the acute toxicity study,no lethality was observed after the oral administration of methanolic extract of S. garrettiana heartwood even at high dose of 5 g/kg in mice. The oral administration of the ethyl acetate fraction decreased the number of writhing in a does dependent manner with 54.9%, 68.5%, and 71.0% inhibition, respectively. A similar result was also observed after the oral administration of the piceatannol-rich extract with 53.1%, 69.2% and 80.3% inhibition, respectively. In the formalin test, either the ethyl acetate fraction or the piceatannol-rich extract significantly diminished the licking time in both the early and late phases. Neither the ethyl acetate nor the piceatannol-rich extract had any effect on heat-induced pain. The ethyl acetate fraction at the same dosage range significantly decreased the rat rectal temperature at 2,3 and 4 hrs. The piceatannol-rich extract at a does of 20 and 40 mg/kg suppressed the rectal temperature over the same time intervals. These results demonstrated that the ethyl acetate fraction and the piceatannol-rich extract from S. garrettiana heartwood possessed analgesic and antipyretic activities with an apparently similar efficacy. The probable mechanism(s) of analgesic actions might be mediated by both the peripheral and central mechanisms.
DescriptPage 589-599
SubjectS.garrettiana extract
piceatannol-rich
pain
fever
animal models
Previous||9265||Next